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The efficiency and utility of large, mass transit buss systems operating within the boundaries of an urban area begin to dwindle rapidly after the morning rush hour, up until the evening rush hour. Many municipalities operate large buses, serving a fixed route, with few or no passengers for a large portion of each day.
Passengers wishing to travel from one end of a city to the other usually have to transfer from one bus route to another, an inefficient and inconvenient process. For instance, it typically takes over an hour to travel from the northeast side of Ann Arbor to the southwest side because of this process.
Even the best bus route systems require many potential participants to walk considerable distances, thus discouraging their use.